The Baroque era started around 1600 in Italy, spread through Europe, and lasted until around 1750 in areas of Germany and Austria. In 1532, he became court painter to King Henry VIII of England, and in 1540 he illustrated Henry VIII, reinforcing the King’s strong personality through his picture. Fusing style with content, Holbein captures Henry’s wealth, power, self-confidence, determination, and political acumen in this picture. In the 20th century, the self portrait—portraying the artist and his or her experience—once again became a primary focus of art.

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  • The generation of artists born after 1950 plays by the rules of a fast-paced culture industry that craves novelty.
  • The enigmatic bronzes of Sanxingdui, near Guanghan , are evidence for a mysterious sacrificial religious system unlike anything elsewhere in ancient China and quite different from the art of the contemporaneous Shang at Anyang.
  • Modern art begins with the heritage of painters like Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Monet, Auguste Renoir, Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Georges Seurat etc.
  • Terra cotta figures have also been found in Ife and Mali, dating from the 12th to the 15th century AD.
  • The painter’s light in art—the light reflected from pigments and objects — is subtractive light.

Wooden structures were replaced by brick buildings, and America began to rely on its growing industrial inventions and factories. Handicrafts were some of the other pieces of art to emerge during this period. Handicrafts are items such as embroidery samplers, ivory carvings, silver pieces, and quilts.

The invention of the aerosol escondido spray can in the early 1900’s was definitely an important event in the history of street art. It started as a way to apply insecticides and deodorizers, but paint wasn’t too far behind. In 1949, Edward Seymour started putting paint in spray cans and changed the game.


Put simply, street art is a form of artwork that is located in public spaces. The most common place to find street art is on walls like the sides of buildings, billboards, and other flat surfaces that can be easily viewed. In addition to walls, artists utilize sidewalks, windows, and even subway cars. There are times that it has been illegal and cities have worked hard to clean it up, and there are times that it has been commissioned and cities have paid massive sums of money to have more work added to their streets. So, how could this form of visual art exist on two completely different sides of the legal and social spectrum? We are going to take a deep dive into the history of street art to answer that exact question.

1760 Rococo Art

The second and more recent sense of the word art is as an abbreviation for creative art or fine art. Fine art means that a skill is being used to express the artist’s creativity, or to engage the audience’s aesthetic sensibilities, or to draw the audience towards consideration of the finer things. Often, if the skill is being used in a common or practical way, people will consider it a craft instead of art.

1527: The High Renaissance

In fact, visual artists from the Renaissance period all the way to Futurism and beyond have toyed with the passing of time as a major motif of their work. In the twentieth century, Pablo Picasso’s Guernica used arresting cubist techniques and stark monochromatic oils, to depict the harrowing consequences of a contemporary bombing of a small, ancient Basque town. Leon Golub’s Interrogation III , depicts a female nude, hooded detainee strapped to a chair, her legs open to reveal her sexual organs, surrounded by two tormentors dressed in everyday clothing. Andres Serrano’s Piss Christ is a photograph of a crucifix, sacred to the Christian religion and representing Christ’s sacrifice and final suffering, submerged in a glass of the artist’s own urine. The resulting uproar led to comments in the United States Senate about public funding of the arts. Pop artists like Andy Warhol became both noteworthy and influential through critiquing popular culture, as well as the art world, through the language of that popular culture.

13 The Body

Within living spaces, objects of aesthetic value have fulfilled practical functions, indulged individual fancies, and expressed shared values. Art turns houses into homes and enriches the activities of everyday life. Textile artist Faith Ringgold explores the line between high art and craft by combining painting, quilted fabric, and storytelling.

385 Time Abstract Art Stock Photos

In fact, towards the end of the Gothic era, works by Hieronymus von Bosch, Breughel, and others were unsuitable for placement within a church. It is time to dive a little deeper into the social, cultural, and historical contexts of each of the distinct art eras we presented above. It is also important to note that this art timeline is a history of Western and predominantly European art. What began as a literary movement moved into a style of art that embraced machines and the industrial age. All of the recognized masterpieces from the lump term “Renaissance” were created during these years.