Whether being positive or negative, the long-term experience of certain emotions leads to the formation of a particular subjective judgment, which influences our physical or mental health . Better evidence-based interventions are also needed to promote teacher’s well-being . These findings illuminate the problem that arts advocates have faced in mobilizing support for their cause, and the success that the NEA’s opponents have experienced in gaining support for theirs. To favor federal aid to artists and arts organizations, one must believe that the arts are valuable and be disposed to endorse an activist federal government.

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  • Yet at regular intervals — most recently in 1996, with the release of the latest Americans and the Arts poll by Louis Harris — we are told that Americans love the arts and want the government to support them, even if it means paying a few dollars more in taxes for that purpose.
  • But Americans’ attitudes toward government arts programs are considerably more ambivalent.
  • People in the U.S. favor local government arts support more strongly than federal, making it easy for the Endowment’s congressional opponents and advocates to compromise by earmarking more of the NEA budget for the states.
  • There were four dimensions to the questionnaire, namely, the environment, need satisfaction, mental engagement, and behavior, including eight subscales.
  • This indicated mental engagement contributes to active involvement in the online learning process (Sun et al., 2019).
  • Structural equation modeling was used to explore the relationship between these four dimensions during these teachers’ participation in an online learning program.

Female teachers account for 87.60%, and fewer male teachers participate in online learning. The importance of gender concerns is that gender congruence between teachers and students has some effect on students’ achievement, which has been attracting research attention in recent years (Doornkamp et al., 2019). In general, male learners may be more motivated by challenges and higher self-efficacy comparing Bachelor’s degree with female learners (Law et al., 2010). Additionally, most of the teachers had a Bachelor’s degree (56.40%) or below Bachelor’s degree (29.8%), and only 13.8% teachers had the Master’s degree or above.

Reflective Visual Journals As A Means For Promoting Generalist Preservice Teachers Professional Identity In Art Education

The results indicated that these domains contributed to improving participants’ attitudes. This improvement was demonstrated by the effects size of the SAE course on participants’ attitudes toward Omani LSN. In this study, we examine the relationships of four dimensions—learning environment, need satisfaction, mental engagement, and behaviors as outlined in self-determination theory.

The Classroom Teacher: Missing Element In Efforts To Improve Elementary School Art Programs

As advocacy purposes often have been understood in the arts, it is less important to understand the public’s “real” opinions, than to produce usable opinions — opinions that can decorate newspaper editorials and public addresses. Arts studies often produce results pleasing to arts advocates by avoiding questions that would enable one to understand the ambivalence, multiple perspectives, and indifference that much of the public feels when they think about the arts. Survey research is an indispensable tool for understanding public opinion, because it is the only way to generalize from the man or woman in the street to the U.S. population as a whole. Moreover, only sample surveys can provide reliable information about how the views of different groups within the population — Democrats and Republicans, men and women, arts attenders and stay-at-homes — differ. African Americans report significantly more positive attitudes towards the arts than their white counterparts. The difference is visible across many kinds of attitudes, but is especially strong in responses to questions about government support for the arts, which African American respondents are more likely to favor.

Attitudes Of Educational Supervisors Towards Computerized Exams Used In Teacher Training In The Ministry Of Education In Jordan

Researchers believe that the satisfaction of three general psychological needs of SDT, namely, autonomy, competence, and relatedness plays important roles in intrinsic motivation and better well-being . Nowadays, SDT is applied in various fields, such as the workplace, commercial services, educational services, and is considered by researchers to be one of the “most empirically supported motivation theories” (Sun et al., 2019). Teachers must adapt to new technologies, more so than those in many other occupations. In many countries, the reform and development of education policies require continuous professional development for teachers as a way of improving the educational quality (In de Wal et al., 2020). The caliber of teachers plays an important role in promoting the reform and reconstruction of education .

These activities provide an opportunity for learners with special needs to freely express their feelings, conflicts, psychological problems, and their artistic creativity. Visual arts are considered as a source of satisfaction, development of the feeling of achievement, and happiness, and a means of activating thinking and learning. In the professional context, art therapy is one of the therapeutic interventions in special education programs. The aim of this research was to explore effects of a Special Art Education Course on attitudes toward Omani LSN. Participants of 19 undergraduate students of Art Education Department , Sultan Qaboos University were involved in this research. Participants responded to the scale of attitudes towards the LSN before and after studying the SAE course. The scale consisted of 34 items distributed into three domains related to course instructor, course topics, and course teaching methods.

Third, the level of support expressed for arts funding is vulnerable to question formats that ask respondents to consider the cost of arts funding, compare the arts to other public purposes, or take into account broader efforts to cut the federal budget. If you ask people if they believe that government should support the arts, most will tell you that they do. If you ask them if they are willing to pay more taxes so that the federal government can spend more money on the arts , they may respond very differently. In particular, when questions follow a lead-in that alludes to ongoing efforts to reduce the federal deficit , much larger percentages favor cuts than if such a deficit frame is absent. Second, response patterns change when questions specify whether “public funding” occurs at the federal, state, or local level.

However, online learning has always been a challenge for disciplines that require hands-on practice. For art teaching or training, online learning has many advantages and disadvantages. How art teachers embrace and adapt their teaching for online delivery remains an unanswered question. This research examines 892 art teachers’ attitudes toward online learning, using learning environment, need satisfaction, mental engagement, and behavior as predictors. Structural equation modeling was used to explore the relationship between these four dimensions during these teachers’ participation in an online learning program.

Attitudes Toward Art

Emerging technologies in recent years, such as tablets, smart phones, laptops, and other electronic smart devices, have initiated a new trend in the field of education and have enriched teaching and learning (Huda et al., 2018). On this basis, online learning has gradually entered educational practice and research. Online learning environment is an open and distributed learning environment supported by the Internet and other technologies, such as telephone, videotape, satellite transmission or computer , using these techniques to mediate a necessary communication .

Print subscriptions and print + electronic subscriptions will still be available, but for the print version, all articles that are published during the volume year will become available at the end of the year in a single printed volume. It is demonstrated that incorporating CoTL could provide a richer and more nuanced understanding of technology acceptance, although no moderating effects on any demographic variables were found. Overall, the findings indicate that while teachers are fairly proficient in their computer and internet skills and have fairly high computer self-efficacy, their workload and a structured and standardized curriculum were inhibitors of Web 2.0 adoption. To support customers with accessing the latest research, IGI Global is offering a 5% pre-publication discount on all hardcover, softcover, e-books, and hardcover + e-books titles. The original contributions presented in the study are included in the article/Supplementary Material, further inquiries can be directed to the corresponding authors. Includes Cost of Living compares for child care, utilities, transportation, health, taxes, housing for home owners vs renters, weather, insurance premiums and so much more.